Program Management

Program Management Overview

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DAU Program Managers Toolkit

DAU Program Managers Toolkit

Program Management is the management discipline of controlling the cost, schedule and performance of a project or group of projects to achieve a stated goal. According to the Project Management Institute (PMI), “A Program is a group of related projects managed in a coordinated manner to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individually.” Program Management is focused on: [2]

A Program Manager (PM) is the actual title of the individual who is responsible for the cost, schedule and performance of a specific project. The PM must understand and manage multiple discipline areas in order the successfully execute a project. In the DoD, the PM has the authority to accomplish program objectives for development, production, and sustainment of systems to meet the user’s operational needs and is accountable to the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA). In order to accomplish these goals and meet objectives, the PM must integrate and understand: [1]

A Program Manager (PM) should have the “big picture” perspective of their project, including in-depth knowledge of the interrelationships among its elements. An effective program manager: [3]

  • Is a leader and a manager, not primarily a task “doer”;
  • Understands the requirements, environmental factors, organizations, activities, constraints, risks, and motivations impacting the program;
  • Knows and is capable of working within the established framework, managerial systems, and processes that provide funding and other decisions for the program to proceed;
  • Comprehends and puts to use the basic skills of management-planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling-so people and systems harmonize to produce the desired results;
  • Coordinates the work of defense industry contractors, consultants, in-house engineers and logisticians, contracting officers, and others, whether assigned directly to the program office or supporting it through some form of integrated product team or matrix support arrangement;
  • Builds support for the program and monitors reactions and perceptions that help or impede progress; and
  • Serves both the military needs of the user in the field and the priority and funding constraints imposed by managers in the Pentagon and military service/defense agency headquarters.

Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) is the DoD management technique that simultaneously integrates all essential acquisition activities through the use of Integrated Product Teams (IPT) to optimize design, manufacturing, and supportability processes. IPPD facilitates meeting cost and performance objectives from product concept through production, including field support.

In the left hand column, there is a list of technique and tools that are instrumental in Program Management.  These techniques and tools range from leadership, Benchmarking, SWOT Analysis and Problem solving and are needed in order to successfully manage any project.

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Updated: 2/1/2017

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