Financial Management

Financial Management Overview

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Financial ManagementFinancial Management (FM) is the planning, directing, monitoring, organizing, and controlling of the monetary resources of an organization. This section contains information about the “execution” of FM functions within the Department of Defense (DoD).  FM functions are dictated by DoD Instruction 7000.14-R, “Department of Defense Financial Management Regulations (FMR),” which are the DoD wide regulation that guides FM for accounting, budgeting, financing, and financial management education and training. Functions also have to adhere to all Financial Management Laws by Congress.

In the DoD, FM is the career discipline for managing the Programming, Planning, Budget and Execution (PPBE) Process; especially the Budgeting Process and Execution Process. The DoD uses the PPBE process to determine priorities and allocate resources.  The purpose of the PPBE system is to produce a plan, a program, and finally, a budget for the DoD.  FM concentrates on the Apportionment, Allocation and Obligation of monetary resources by the DoD to maintain its warfighting capabilities. (see PPBE Overview, PPBE Map in the Acquisition Section)

The main PPBE Tasks are:

  • (P) Planning Phase: It’s the process for balancing and integrating resources among the various programs according to certain priorities
  • (P) Programming Phase: It’s the process for determining what capabilities are needed for the future
  • (B) Budgeting Phase: It’s the process for convincing OSD and Congress to provide the necessary resources and then balancing the checkbook to ensure the resources are spent in accordance with the law
  • (E) Execution Phase: is the real world application of the PPBE process.

Budgeting Cycle
FM manages the planning, programming and budgeting procedures to support a two-year funding cycle that results in two-year budgets.

Execution functions that are associated with DoD Financial Management include:

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