PPBE Process

National Defense Strategy (NDS)

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2012 NDS

2012 National Defense Strategy

The National Defense Strategy (NDS) is used in the PPBE Process to establish the objectives for the plans for military force structure, force modernization, business processes, supporting infrastructure, and required resources (funding and manpower).  Along with the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) Process, the NDS plays a key role in identifying the capabilities required by the warfighters to support the National Security Strategy (NSS). [1]

The NDS serves as the DoD’s capstone document in this long-term effort. It flows from the National Security Strategy (NSS) and informs the National Military Strategy (NMS). It also provides a framework for other DoD strategic guidance, specifically on campaign and contingency planning, force development, and intelligence. It reflects the results of the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and lessons learned from on-going operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere. It addresses how the U.S. Armed Forces will fight and win America’s wars and how we seek to work with and through partner nations to shape opportunities in the international environment to enhance security and avert conflict.

The NDS describes our overarching goals and strategy. It outlines how DoD will support the objectives outlined in the NSS, including the need to strengthen alliances and build new partnerships to defeat global terrorism and prevent attacks against us, our allies, and our friends; prevent our enemies from threatening us, our allies, and our friends with weapons of mass destruction (WMD); work with others to defuse regional conflicts, including conflict intervention; and transform national security institutions to face the challenges of the 21st century. The NDS acts on these objectives, evaluates the strategic environment, challenges, and risks we must consider in achieving them, and maps the way forward.

The DoD has key objectives outlined in the NDS and derived from the NSS: [1]

  1. Counter Terrorism and Irregular Warfare
  2. Deter and Defeat Aggression
  3. Project Power Despite Anti-Access/Area Denial Challenges
  4. Counter Weapons of Mass Destruction
  5. Operate Effectively in Cyberspace and Space
  6. Maintain a Safe, Secure, and Effective Nuclear Deterrent
  7. Defend the Homeland and Provide Support to Civil Authorities
  8. Provide a Stabilizing Presence
  9. Conduct Stability and Counterinsurgency Operations
  10. Conduct Humanitarian, Disaster Relief, and Other Operations

PPBE Planning Phase Flow Chart

Figure: Planning Phase of the PPBE Process

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